Images of St. Stephen's Green from the windows RCSI and the Shelbourne Hotel c. 1900.

Title

Images of St. Stephen's Green from the windows RCSI and the Shelbourne Hotel c. 1900.

Subject

Images of St.Stephen's Green as it would have been seen from RCSI by the insurgents and from the Shelbourne Hotel by the British military forces during the Rising (photographs c. 1900)

Description

Images of St.Stephen's Green as it would have been seen from RCSI by the insurgents and from the Shelbourne Hotel by the British military forces during the Rising (photographs c. 1900).
At noon on Easter Monday, 24 April, Commandant Michael Mallin of the Irish Citizen Army, leading a contingent of approximately 120 men and women of the Irish Citizen Army, Cumman na mBan, Na Fianna and the Irish Volunteers left Liberty Hall and marched on St. Stephen's Green. Insurgent, Margaret Skinnider, watched them arrive: 'It was a great moment for me as I stood there when, between the building branches of a tree, I caught sight of men in dark green uniform coming along in twos and threes to take up their position in and about the Green.' The insurgents, many armed and all carrying packs on their back, drove the public out of the park and locked the gates. All wheeled traffic around the Green was stopped and drivers were threatened with rifles.

The insurgents dug trenches in the park and built barricades at all access points to the Green. The women set up a first aid station in the summerhouse. Douglas Hyde, later President of Ireland, was witness to the occupation of the Green. He was struck by the youthfulness of the insurgents, remarking that 'a young girl with a bandolier locked as if she would like to kill me.'

Mallin sent small groups to take possession of a number of houses of strategic importance around the Green. Amongst the buildings occupied were RCSI and Little's Public House at the corner of Cuffe Street. They wanted to take the Shelbourne Hotel but they did not have enough men. Instead the British military took control of the hotel and also the United Services Club at the top of Dawson Street. At 2am on Tuesday morning, a Lewis machine gun was in position at the Services Club and by 3:50am the same morning, there was a Vickers machine gun ready for use on a fourth floor window of the Shelbourne Hotel. Armed personnel were stationed at other windows to the front of the hotel. At 4am the British opened fire on the insurgents in the Green. Gradually, the insurgents were driven back from the gates and railings to the trenches and shrubbery. There were casualties on both sides. Ballin, realising the situation was untenable, ordered a retreat to RCSI, which was already under the control of Robbins, Markievicz and their group.

Margaret Skinnider later wrote that the College proved a secure stronghold for them. By Tuesday afternoon, RCSI was the headquarters of Mallin and his garrison.

Creator

Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland (RCSI)

Source

RCSI 'Surgeons and Insurgents' exhibition

Publisher

Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland (RCSI)

Date

31 March 2016

Contributor

Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland (RCSI)

Rights

Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland (RCSI), 123 St, Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Format

.jpg photograph

Language

English

Type

Photograph

Original Format

Photograph

Files

12.jpg

Collection

Citation

Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland (RCSI), “Images of St. Stephen's Green from the windows RCSI and the Shelbourne Hotel c. 1900. ,” RCSI, accessed April 9, 2020, http://digitalheritagecollections.rcsi.ie/surgeonsandinsurgents/items/show/8.

Output Formats